Golfing

Thumb & Wrist Injuries
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Injury
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, a common cause of wrist and hand pain, is caused by wrist swelling in an anatomical area known as the Carpal Tunnel (a gap in the wrist bones through which muscles, blood vessels and nerves pass on their way to the hand from the forearm).
Common Carpal Tunnel Syndrome injury signs & symptoms:

  • Pain in the hand and wrist.
  • Pins and needles in the hand.
  • Burning, tingling or numbness in the hand.

Treatment should commence as soon as symptoms are noted, in order to be most effective. A wrist support may also help. Consult your Physiotherapist for advice and treatment.
Sprained Thumb Injury
A Sprained Thumb is often referred to as Skier’s Thumb, due to the prevalence of this injury during skiing. It is a common cause of thumb pain and swelling. Skier’s Thumb refers to damage to the Ulnar Collateral Ligament at the base of the thumb, however this injury is not exclusive to skiers and can occur to anyone where there is sufficient force applied to the thumb in a direction away from the hand.

Common Sprained Thumb injury signs & symptoms:

  • Thumb pain
  • Thumb swelling
  • Thumb bruising

Sprained Thumb injuries can be aided by Physiotherapy treatment and usually takes 4-6 weeks to resolve.
Arm & Elbow Injuries
Tennis Elbow Injury
Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis) is a common cause of elbow pain, which can radiate down the forearm from the outer side of the elbow. Tennis Elbow tends to be caused by prolonged gripping activities. There is also elbow pain if the elbow is straight and the hand is moved forward and back at the wrist. Despite the name, Tennis Elbow doesn’t just affect tennis players.
Common Tennis Elbow injury signs & symptoms:

  • Elbow pain located on the outer side of the elbow.
  • Elbow pain that is aggravated by gripping activities.

It is important to consult a doctor or physiotherapist as soon as symptoms are noted as the condition may require NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory) injections to relieve the pain. The physiotherapist will then advise on suitable strengthening exercises to help prevent the condition recurring.
Golfers Elbow Injury
Golfers Elbow (also known as Medial Epicondylitis) is characterised by inner elbow pain, which can radiate down the forearm. There is also elbow pain if the elbow is straight and the hand is moved forward and back at the wrist. Golfers Elbow tends to be caused by prolonged gripping activities and, despite the name Golfers Elbow, this common cause of elbow pain doesn’t just affect golfers.
Common Golfer’s Elbow injury signs & symptoms:

  • Elbow pain located on the inner side of the elbow.
  • Elbow pain that is aggravated by gripping activities.

Advice for Golfers Elbow follows that for Tennis Elbow (see above).

Back Injuries
Sacro Iliac Joint Pain Injury
The Sacro Iliac joint can be a common source of back pain. The Sacro Iliac joints are located at the back of the pelvis and several scenarios can produce pain in this region of the lower back, including a traumatic incident, biomechanical mal-alignment, hormonal changes during pregnancy, or inflammatory joint disease.
Sometimes Sacro Iliac joint pain can refer to the groin, buttock or the back of the thigh although rarely goes below the knee.
Physiotherapy is very effective in the treatment of Sacro Iliac joint pain and should be sought as soon as symptoms commence. The aim of treatment is to restore normal Sacro Iliac joint mechanics by removing abnormal stresses on the ligaments which surround the joint. Once normal Sacro Iliac joint movement has been restored, more active rehabilitation can be undertaken.
Common Sacro Iliac Joint Pain signs & symptoms:

  • Pain in the lower back and buttock.
  • Low back pain which is made worse by specific movements.
  • A feeling that the Sacro iliac joint is ‘blocked’.

Sciatica Injury
Sciatica may or may not be accompanied by back pain. Sciatica is a condition where pain, weakness or altered sensation can be experienced in the buttock, hamstring, calf or foot but stem from the spine, via the Sciatic nerve. Sciatica symptoms can vary from a mild cramping or tightening sensation in the hamstring or calf muscles, to a constant shooting pain in the buttock, hamstring and down to the foot.
The major cause of Sciatica is a herniated disc (slipped disc) in the lower back, although Degenerative Disc Disease and Spinal Stenosis can also produce Sciatica, and irritation of any part of the Sciatic nerve can cause the symptoms of Sciatica.
Physiotherapy is very effective for the treatment of Sciatica. Pain-relieving medication is usually necessary during the first few days following a herniated disc, but the best available evidence suggests that patients with Sciatica should be advised to try to remain active, although movements such as bending forwards or sitting for prolonged periods should be avoided.
Common Sciatica signs & symptoms:

  • Pain, weakness or pins and needles down the back of the legs.
  • Sciatica symptoms aggravated by sitting, bending and lifting.
  • There is usually a history of back pain.

Neck Injuries
Slipped Disc in the Neck Injury
A Slipped Disc (Disc Prolapse) in the neck is a common cause of neck pain. Slipped disc treatment during the early stages involves immobilisation using a soft collar. Later, more active physical therapy rehabilitation is useful.
Common Slipped Disc in the Neck signs & symptoms:

  • Patients with a slipped disc in the neck may experience severe neck pain.
  • Sometimes there is neck and shoulder pain or pain in the arm.
  • There may be weakness or a loss of sensation in the arms or hands.

Stiff Neck Injury
Acute torticollis, or wry neck are medical terms used to describe a sudden stiff neck. Usually the person wakes up with a stiff neck and neck pain, although occasionally the neck may become stuck following a sudden movement.
Consult a physiotherapist to rule out conditions like a Slipped disc or Spondylosis. If there is no serious underlying problem, soothing warm packs are very effective together with physiotherapy treatment.
Common Stiff Neck signs & symptoms:

  • Waking up with a stiff neck.
  • Stiff neck.
  • Neck pain.

Shoulder Injuries
Rotator Cuff Injury
A Rotator Cuff injury is a common cause of shoulder pain. Injury to the Rotator Cuff will usually begin as inflammation, commonly called Rotator Cuff tendonitis. If the cause of Rotator Cuff tendonitis is not addressed, a partial or complete Rotator Cuff tear can develop. Tears of the Rotator Cuff are best treated by surgical repair. Physiotherapy is often effective in treating Rotator Cuff tendonitis.
Common Rotator Cuff Injury signs & symptoms:

  • Shoulder pain, which increases during overhead activities.
  • Shoulder weakness and a loss of full shoulder movement.

Knee Injuries
LCL Knee Ligament Injury
The Lateral Collateral Ligament is the knee ligament that is located on the outside of the knee that links the thigh bone and the shin bone. A ligament injury is referred to as a sprain, and this knee injury can occur if the knee is twisted or subject to force from an opponent during sport.
In the early stage of the injury the PRICE protocol should be followed – Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.
Common LCL Knee Ligaments injury signs & symptoms:

  • A history of knee twisting or trauma.
  • Knee pain on the outer side of the knee joint.
  • Knee pain when bending or straightening the knee.

MCL Knee Ligament Injury
The Medial Collateral Ligament is the knee ligament that is located on the inner side of the knee joint. It links the thigh bone and the shin bone. A knee ligament injury is referred to as a sprain, and this knee injury can occur if the knee is twisted or subject to force.
Severe Medial Collateral Ligament injuries should be checked by a knee specialist to check if knee surgery is required. In more moderate knee ligament injuries, a knee brace can be helpful by taking the strain off the injured ligament.
In the early stage of the injury the PRICE protocol should be followed – Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.
Common MCL Knee Ligament injury signs & symptoms:

  • A history of knee twisting or trauma.
  • Knee pain on the inner side of the knee joint.
  • Knee pain when bending or straightening the knee.
  • Swollen knee.

Knee Arthritis Injury
Arthritis (Osteoarthritis) is a common cause of knee pain and knee swelling that usually manifests itself in middle age. Knee arthritis is characterised by progressive knee joint degeneration that may be due to knee overuse or secondary to a knee ligament or cartilage injury.
Eventually, knee replacement surgery may be required where there is severe knee pain, although knee exercises and physiotherapy rehabilitation are very helpful.
Common Knee Arthritis signs & symptoms:

  • History of previous knee injury or knee surgery.
  • Knee pain and knee swelling related to overdoing activities.
  • Knee stiffness, particularly in cold weather.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Injury
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is a common cause of pain around the knee cap. When the knee bends or straightens, the knee cap glides in a special groove on the thigh bone called the ‘Patellofemoral groove’, controlled by the quadriceps (thigh) muscles. However, for several reasons it may stray from this path (usually towards the outside of the knee). This is called Patellofemoral Maltracking and produces abnormal stresses on the under-surface of the patella that can cause knee cap pain. Physiotherapy often plays a vital role in the treatment of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome.
Common Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome signs & symptoms:

  • Pain at the front of the knee while ascending or, more often, descending stairs.
  • Pain at the front of the knee whilst running.
  • Knee pain during prolonged sitting.

Dejá un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos necesarios están marcados *